Technological progress is the development direction of China's food packaging machinery (Part 2)
since the late 1980s, China's packaging machinery industry has achieved rapid growth, initially formed an industry with relatively complete categories and basically supporting varieties, and has become one of the top ten industries in the machinery industry, of which food packaging machinery plays a decisive role in the packaging machinery industry. As of 2001, the annual sales volume of China's food packaging machinery has reached 17.2 billion yuan. At the same time of rapid development, China's food packaging machinery industry also has many problems, such as backward technology, single products, unreasonable industrial structure and so on. He Nanzhi, Secretary General of China food and packaging machinery industry association, clearly pointed out that China's food and packaging machinery industry should change the development idea of blind expansion and all-round attack in the past, and strive to improve the technical content of products. Technological progress is the goal and direction of the development of China's food packaging machinery
development of China's food packaging machinery industry
the food industry is the largest industrial category in China, and nearly half of the types and quantities of all packaging machinery are related to the food industry, including the beverage industry
over the past two decades, the rapid development of China's economy and the continuous growth of the national economy and people's living standards have created a huge market demand for China's food industry, which has also led to the prosperity of the related food packaging market and food packaging machinery manufacturing industry<6. When bending commodities, P> China's food packaging machinery manufacturing industry started in the early 1980s. Some small and medium-sized machine tool and agricultural machinery manufacturing enterprises spontaneously transformed because they lost the support of the national planned economy. Some private enterprises also start with the food packaging machinery industry with relatively low technology content but large profit margin. China's food packaging machinery manufacturing industry can be said to have developed step by step from the imitation of imported equipment
after more than 20 years of development, although China's food packaging machinery industry is still very young, it has developed very fast. At present, most of the medium and low-end equipment can be manufactured by themselves and meet domestic demand, and the export volume of machinery is also growing. The characteristics of export machinery are that domestic high-end models are exported to Southeast Asia, Russia, the Middle East and other countries and regions, and low-end equipment such as shrink packaging machines are exported to Europe and the United States, which is also the result of the increasingly obvious international division of labor in the machinery industry
huge market demand
at present, the annual growth rate of global packaging machinery demand is about 5.3%, which is expected to reach US $29billion by 2005. China and India are recognized as the fastest growing packaging markets in the world
for many consecutive years, China imports a large number of packaging equipment every year, and is the main importer of food packaging machinery in the United States, Japan, Germany, Italy and other countries. However, with the development of China's food packaging machinery manufacturing industry, the import volume tends to decline, and the export volume continues to increase. According to statistics, China imported 956million US dollars of packaging machinery in 2001, a decrease of 4.4% from 1billion US dollars of the previous year; The export of food packaging machinery was US $110 million, an increase of 29.41% over the previous year, showing a strong upward momentum. At present, the annual sales volume of food packaging machinery in China is more than 500000 sets
according to the report of China food and packaging machinery industry association, in the first four months of 2002, the total sales of packaging machinery in China increased by 10.85% over the same period last year through financial leasing, and the import of packaging machinery increased by 4%. Most packaging machinery manufacturing enterprises are optimistic about the situation in the first half of this year, and it is estimated that the sales revenue will increase by 10% compared with the same period last year. It is estimated that the growth rate of China's packaging machinery market this year will exceed 10% of that in 2001
the rapid development of China's food packaging machinery manufacturing industry cannot hide the existing problems
first of all, few food packaging machinery manufacturing enterprises in China have high starting points, and most of them are hovering at a low level. China's packaging machinery is at a disadvantage in the competition with imported products in terms of product development, performance, quality, reliability, price and service, and cannot resist the influx of imported products. Most of the imported equipment every year are high-tech or large-scale equipment that cannot be manufactured or meet the technical requirements in China, such as sterile packaging machines, large-scale high-speed beverage filling machines, labeling machines, combined electronic scales, etc. Although some equipment can also be manufactured in China, its reliability is not good, and the quality and shelf life of the produced food are not as good as those of imported equipment, such as ice cream packaging machine, candy, chocolate, biscuit packaging machine, etc. Compared with developed countries, the gap between China's packaging machinery products is mainly reflected in: the control technology and product reliability are poor, and the speed of technological renewal is too slow. The overall level is 20 years behind that of developed countries. Now, only about 5% of China's packaging machinery products can reach the level of developed countries in the early 1990s, and 20% of products can only be compared with foreign products in the 1980s, The remaining 60% can only reach the level of foreign countries in the 1970s
secretary general he Nanzhi said, "China's packaging machinery has a low technical content and lacks innovation. Like some simple automatic sealing machines, there has been no change in the past two decades. Although there is a large demand, a large number of repeated production has caused low price competition, and the profit space is very limited."
secondly, the development of science and technology lags behind and the innovation ability is insufficient. At present, there are about 6000 kinds of packaging machinery products abroad, with a large number of complete sets, and new technologies and products continue to appear. On the one hand, they are developing towards high precision and large-scale, on the other hand, they are developing towards multi-function. Compared with developed countries, the variety and supporting quantity of packaging machinery products in China are less, only about half of foreign varieties. When explaining the reasons for this phenomenon, secretary general he said: "Compared with the number of employees and enterprises in this industry, the proportion of corresponding professional institutions in China's scientific research institutions and colleges and universities is low. Moreover, after the scientific research institutions are changed into enterprises, most technicians are struggling for survival. Many scientific research institutions mainly sell products, do not give play to their own scientific research advantages, and there is a fault in the application of new technologies. Even if there are new research results, they cannot be transferred in time because they are unable to publicize and promote them Into productivity. The manufacturing enterprises are forced to rely entirely on their own technical strength to develop new products. The disjointed production and marketing of scientific research results not only causes huge waste, but also is not conducive to technological progress. Some cutting-edge works such as ultra-low temperature, ultra-high pressure, membrane separation, supercritical extraction, radiation, vacuum and other technologies and equipment can not be completed by a single institute, and enterprises are in urgent need of investment. The mode of combining production, learning and research advocated in the past has not been reflected, and the limited scientific research force has not been brought into full play. Many enterprises plagiarize each other. In addition to the price advantage, such products are not competitive in the international market. "
"since the pattern of professional production has not been formed, the enterprises still continue to follow the small and comprehensive self supporting mode. The enterprises producing sealing equipment are developing towards the upstream filling equipment; the enterprises producing filling equipment are approaching the downstream labeling system. The result is repeated production, and the technical content of the whole industry has not been improved." Secretary general he added
in addition, although famous brand products are gradually forming in China's food packaging machinery manufacturing industry, the production concentration is not enough. At present, there are more than 6000 food packaging machinery manufacturing enterprises in China, of which more than 2000 are not stable. Nearly 15% of enterprises change production or close down every year, but about 15% of enterprises join this industry. At present, there are only a dozen enterprises with an output value and sales volume of more than 100 million yuan, the best enterprises with an output value and sales volume of just over 1 billion yuan, and only one listed enterprise; Enterprises with annual sales of more than 30million yuan only have manual control button boxes! The operation is more humanized. The total sales volume of these 50 enterprises is only 8billion yuan, with a concentration of 20.66%
secretary general he pointed out: "packaging machinery manufacturing enterprises are not demanding big, but should be refined. Most of the food packaging machinery manufacturing enterprises in the United States, Italy and Japan are small-scale, but have a high degree of specialization."
future development goals
talking about the future development direction, Secretary general he clearly pointed out: "Relying on simple repetition, expanding the production quantity, and extending to the upstream and downstream is not feasible. China's food packaging machinery manufacturing industry must follow the path of professional production. We should strive to refine and refine products, improve the technical content, and rely on technological progress to enhance the development of the industry. We should encourage the emergence of engineering companies, let professionals do the purchase and integration of equipment for enterprises, and change the current self-supporting equipment suppliers Mode of. Food packaging machinery manufacturing enterprises should strive to develop medium and high-end equipment. "
at present, countries all over the world attach great importance to the development of packaging machinery, and high-tech products integrating machinery, electricity, gas, light, biology and magnetism continue to emerge. High efficiency of production, high utilization of resources, check whether the rotation direction of mixing blades is correct, energy-saving products, high-tech practicality, and commercialization of scientific research achievements have become the development trend of packaging machinery all over the world